The Latin term Italicus was used to describe "a man of Italy" as opposed to a provincial. For example, Pliny the Elder notably wrote in a letter Italicus es an provincialis? meaning "are you an Italian or a provincial?".The adjective italianus, from which are derived the Italian (and also French and English) name of the Italians, is medieval and was used alternatively with Italicus during the early modern period.
Italian Fascism is based upon Italian nationalism and imperialism, and in particular seeks to complete what it considers as the incomplete project of the unification of Italy by incorporating Italia Irredenta (unredeemed Italy) into the state of Italy. To the east of Italy, the Fascists claimed that Dalmatia was a land of Italian culture whose Italians, including those of Italianized South Slavic descent, had been driven out of Dalmatia and into exile in Italy, and supported the return of Italians of Dalmatian heritage. Mussolini identified Dalmatia as having strong Italian cultural roots for centuries, similarly to Istria, via the Roman Empire and the Republic of Venice. To the south of Italy, the Fascists claimed Malta, which belonged to the United Kingdom, and Corfu, which instead belonged to Greece; to the north claimed Italian Switzerland, while to the west claimed Corsica, Nice, and Savoy, which belonged to France. The Fascist regime produced literature on Corsica that presented evidence of the island's italianità. The Fascist regime produced literature on Nice that justified that Nice was an Italian land based on historic, ethnic, and linguistic grounds.
As the country grew wealthier in the 1950s, a form of neorealism known as pink neorealism succeeded, and starting from the 1950s through the Commedia all'italiana genre, and other film genres, such as sword-and-sandal followed as Spaghetti Westerns, were popular in the 1960s and 1970s. Actresses such as Sophia Loren, Giulietta Masina and Gina Lollobrigida achieved international stardom during this period. Erotic Italian thrillers, or giallos, produced by directors such as Mario Bava and Dario Argento in the 1970s, also influenced the horror genre worldwide. In recent years, the Italian scene has received only occasional international attention, with movies like Cinema Paradiso written and directed by Giuseppe Tornatore, Mediterraneo directed by Gabriele Salvatores, Life Is Beautiful directed by Roberto Benigni, Il Postino: The Postman with Massimo Troisi and The Great Beauty directed by Paolo Sorrentino.
Eastwood, 34 when he first worked with Leone, already carried unquestioned authority. Much is made of the fact that he came from television, that he starred in "Rawhide," that in those days it was thought that a movie audience wouldn't pay to see an actor it could watch for free. Eastwood overcame that jinx, but not any actor could have done it--and not with any director. He says he took the roles with Leone because he wanted to make movies and Hollywood wouldn't hire him.
Acquerello italianoIT 1.01760-minute audiocassettes containing songs, interviews, and cultural information about Italy; a tapescript and a study guide accompany each cassette; study supplement contains listening comprehension exercises, crossword puzzles, and an answer key.
Ladri di biciclette (The Bicycle Thief)All-regions (NTSC) DVDVittorio de Sica (1948)Black & white film starring non-actors Lamberto Maggiorani and Enzo Staiola. Story of Antonio Ricci, a poor man in post-war Rome whose bicycle is stolen on his first day of work as a laborer hired to deliver movie posters, a job that requires he have a bicycle. Poignant portrait of a father and son whose search for the stolen bicycle leads them through a world of indifference and challenges to the human spirit.In Italian with option of English subtitles; option of dubbed English dialogue soundtrack also available1 hour 29 minutes
Parliamo italiano 1/2" VHS color videocassetteProduced by DUNE Produzioni Cinematografiche e Televise in association with Houghton Mifflin Company; designed to complement introductory Italian texts; 12 modules present the adventures of two characters, Piero and Gabriella, who travel throughout Italy (to 11 different cities/regions) with the objective of producing a travel guide for their employer, a travel agency.Approx. 60 minutes 2b1af7f3a8