The Marathi language is the second most spoken language in India (second only to English) and is popular among writers, poets, and lyricists. It is brahmiini, the mother tongue of the Marathi people. It can be traced back to at least the early Middle Ages, as evidenced by a number of copper inscriptions. The Marathi language name is derived from Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language that is the precursor to modern Marathi. The roots of Marathi are unclear, but the name is generally ascribed to either the Marathi or Marutta tribes. Under the Indo-Greeks and then the Romans, Marattha and Marutta became Marathi, after the city of Marathas, which was established in south Maharashtra. The region has been ruled by Marathi kings since before 1000 AD, with most of these in present-day Maharashtra. Marathas were traditionally speakers of Marathi, but many people of Marathi speaking Maharashtra identify themselves as Marathi due to the aesthetic differences in the language from its parent Indo-Aryan (as seen in Marathi literature) and Persian or other Middle Eastern languages. Also, linguists believe that the Marathi language is relatively more similar to modern Hindi-Urdu and thus linguists and many Marathi speakers consider Marathi as a sister language of Hindi and Urdu. The Marathi language is spoken predominately by native speakers in several regions in present-day India, including, parts of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, and Gujarat, as well as in parts of Nepal and several parts of north eastern India. Marathi is estimated to have an English-speaking population of 25 million, with a minority having an Indian English-speaking population of 45 million. Marathi is also spoken in Pakistan and abroad as an emigrant community of Marathi people. The figures given are taken as of 2001.
The Marathi language or Brahmīni is the language spoken by the Brahmins. It is one of the six languages that were either declared to be mother languages under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India or under the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of Bombay, or recognized as an official language under the Bombay Presidency. d2c66b5586